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Netherlands vs Mexico

Posted by RB Kollannur on June 29, 2014


Both Netherlands and Mexico have surprisingly lot in common. Both fought for independence from Spain, albeit in different centuries, and won. Both also had the misfortune of having a French Emperor named Napolean install a monarch on them.

The Low Countries (Belgium, Netherlands and Luxembourg) were once a group of counties and duchies that had a questionable allegiance to France. All these states were consolidated by marriage and conquest into the Duchy of Burgundy. But when the Duchess of Burgundy married the Archduke Maximilian of Austria, the future of Netherlands got tied onto that of the Habsburg dynasty. In 1556, the Netherlands became part of the Habsburg kingdom in Spain, Philip II. However his Spanish upbringing and strong Catholicism were at odds with the Dutch people who were turning towards Protestantism. In 1568 led by William of Orange, stadtholder of Holland (Sort of a representative of the king), the Dutch would rebel for independence. For the next 80 years, the nation would be in a state of transition with Netherlands finally gaining independence from Spain in 1640. Belgium would remain part of Spain (and later Austria).

Mexico declared its independence from Spain in 1821. A former general, Agustin de Iturbide, was crowned Emperor, the only one of the First Mexican Empire since it would be dissolved in 1823, making way for a democratic nation. Initially Mexico also included Texas and all of Central America except Panama, but after the dissolution of the Empire, Central America would become a separate nation, while Texas would declare independence from Mexico in 1836 (Subsequently merging with USA in 1845).

In 1806, Napolean installed his younger brother Louis as the king of Netherlands. The monarchy was short lived however, because Louis refused his brother when he demanded for troops against Russia. Netherlands was subsequently annexed by Napolean.

In 1864, Napolean III (son of aforementioned Louis) would send an army to conquer Mexico and install an Austrian prince as its Emperor, only to subsequently withdraw (and leave the Mexican Emperor to be executed) to maintain good relations with US.

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One Response to “Netherlands vs Mexico”

  1. […] Match 51 – Netherlands vs Mexico […]

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